back

I.
/bæk / (say bak)

noun
1. the hinder part of the human body, extending from the neck to the end of the spine.
2. the part of the body of animals corresponding to the human back.
3. the rear portion of any part or organ of the body: the back of the head.
4. the whole body, with reference to clothing: the clothes on his back.
5. the part opposite to or farthest from the face or front; the hinder side; the rear part: the back of a hall.
6. the part covering the back, as of clothing.
7. the spine: to break one's back.
8. any rear part of an object serving to support, protect, etc.: the back of a book.
9. Nautical the keel and keelson of a vessel.
10. the strength to carry a burden or responsibility.
11. Football, etc. one of the defending players behind the forwards.
12. Mining (of a level or layer) the side nearest the surface of the ground, including the earth between that level and the next.
13. Printing the inside margin of a page.
verb (t)
14. to support, as with authority, influence, or money.
15. to cause to move backwards; reverse the action of: to back a car.
16. to bet in favour of: to back a horse in the race.
17. to furnish with a back.
18. to lie at the back of; form a back or background for: sandhills back the beach.
19. to write on the back of; endorse.
20. Rare to get upon the back of (an animal, especially a horse); mount.
verb (i)
21. to go backwards.
22. Nautical (of wind) to change direction anticlockwise.
adjective
23. lying or being behind: a back door.
24. relating to the back, especially the spine: back pain.
25. away from the front position or rank: the back seats of the theatre.
26. remote: back country.
27. relating to the past: back issues; back pay.
28. coming or going back; backward: back current.
29. Phonetics pronounced with the tongue drawn back in the mouth as the vowel /ɔ/ in bought/bɔt/ or the consonant /k/ in cup/kʌp/.
phrase
30. at the back of,
a. in the part furthest from the front of: at the back of the room; at the back of my mind.
b. behind: the shed at the back of the house.
c. beyond: at the back of Boree.
d. responsible for: at the back of this confusion.
31. back and fill,
a. Nautical to manoeuvre a sailing vessel to and fro in a channel by trimming the sails to be alternately full and then slack.
b. Colloquial to drive a motor vehicle backwards and forwards, usually while parking.
c. Colloquial to vacillate.
32. back away, (sometimes followed by from) to draw back, especially in alarm.
33. back away from, to go back on; renege on: to back away from one's promise.
34. back down,
a. to retreat from or abandon an argument, opinion, claim, etc.
b. Rowing to row a boat backwards.
35. back in the day, in previous times.
36. back off, (sometimes followed by from) to retreat or withdraw.
37. back off the map, Racing Colloquial to support (a horse, dog, etc.) vigorously in the betting.
38. back oneself to do something, Colloquial to have confidence in one's ability to achieve something.
39. back out,
a. to go or cause to move out backwards.
b. (sometimes followed by of) to withdraw; retreat: to back out of a deal.
c. Surfing to slide off a wave by manoeuvring so that the front of the surfboard lifts out of the water.
40. backs to the wall!, Colloquial (an offensive exclamation implying that a homosexual male is present.)
41. back to back,
a. with the back of one (person or thing) opposed to the back of another (person or thing): *Mr Roxburgh thrust his hands back to back between his bony knees –patrick white, 1976.
b. consecutively: the team won three matches back to back.
42. back up,
a. to go backwards: when he saw the snake, he started to back up.
b. to cause to move backwards: she backed the car up.
c. to encourage; support: please back me up at the meeting.
d. to give corroboration or credence to: the evidence backs up her statement.
e. (of water) to cease to flow freely.
f. Computers to copy (data) on to a tape, disk, etc., as a safety measure: back up all the day's work.
g. Computers to back up data: have you backed up yet?
h. Mountaineering to climb a chimney or cleft by pressing the feet on one side and the back on the other.
i. Cricket (of the person batting who is not playing the ball) to advance down the wicket in readiness to run as the ball is bowled.
j. Cricket (of a fielder) to cover a player receiving a return of the ball to prevent an overthrow.
k. Sport to play the next game in a league competition without a bye.
l. to follow up (an outstanding tactic, endeavour, performance, etc.) with another similar effort.
43. back up for, to seek a second share of (a commodity being distributed).
44. back water, Nautical
a. to reverse the forward thrust of a vessel.
b. to reverse the direction in which the rower moves the oars so that the rowing boat goes backwards.
45. behind someone's back, in secret; deceitfully; in someone's absence.
46. be on someone's back, Colloquial to urge someone constantly to further action: she's always on my back to get a job.
47. break the back of,
a. to deal with or accomplish the most difficult or arduous part of (a task, etc.)
b. to overburden or overwhelm.
48. get off someone's back, Colloquial to cease to annoy or harass someone.
49. get one's back up, Colloquial to become annoyed.
50. get on someone's back, Colloquial to begin to nag someone: my parents got on my back when I failed the exam.
51. on the back foot, at a disadvantage.
52. on the back of, close behind; immediately following in space or time.
53. out back, (of land) remote from the main part of a property and so remote from permanent water.
54. out the back, Colloquial in the rear part of a building or property, such as in the backyard.
55. put one's back into, to perform with all one's energy and strength.
56. put someone's back up, Colloquial to arouse someone's resentment.
57. see the back of,
a. to be rid of (a person).
b. to be finished with (a situation, task, etc.).
58. the back, the part of a property which is most remote from the homestead and so from permanent water.
59. turn one's back on, to disregard, neglect, or ignore.
60. with one's back to the wall, in a very difficult predicament. {Phrase Origin: from the notion that a person under heavy attack from assailants retreats to a position in which their back is against a wall}
{Middle English bak, Old English bæc}
II.
/bæk / (say bak)

adverb
1. at, to, or towards the rear; backwards: to step back.
2. towards the past: to look back on one's youth.
3. ago: a long while back.
4.
a. later in time: to move the launch back from June to August.
b. earlier in time: to move the launch back from June to May.
5. towards the original starting point, place, or condition: to go back to the old home.
6. returned home; in the original starting point, place, or condition again: back where she started from; back in style; back in the saddle.
7. in reply; in return: to pay back a loan.
8. in reversal of the usual course: to take back a gift.
9. at an original starting point or place: meanwhile, back in Australia.
phrase
10. back and forth, from side to side, to and fro.
11. back to … week (day, etc.), a time when former inhabitants of a town, students of a college, etc., return and join with present inhabitants, etc., in celebration of former and present times: back to Mudgee week.
12. go back, to return.
13. make back, to go in a direction to the rear of one's present position: you make back to the house.
{aphetic variant of aback}
Usage: The confusion surrounding the meaning of back in relation to time (def. 4) results from viewing time as a line in which an event can be moved back, that is, towards the speaker, or back, that is away from the speaker.
III.
/bæk / (say bak)

noun
a tub or vat.
{Dutch bak, from French bac tub, trough, ferryboat}

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • back — back …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • back — back1 [bak] n. [ME bak < OE baec; akin to ON bak, OHG bahho] 1. the part of the body opposite to the front; in humans and many other animals, the part to the rear or top reaching from the nape of the neck to the end of the spine 2. the… …   English World dictionary

  • back — ► NOUN 1) the rear surface of the human body from the shoulders to the hips. 2) the corresponding upper surface of an animal s body. 3) the side or part of something away from the viewer. 4) the side or part of an object that is not normally seen …   English terms dictionary

  • Back — (b[a^]k), n. [AS. b[ae]c, bac; akin to Icel., Sw., & LG. bak, Dan. bag; cf. OHG. bahho ham, Skr. bhaj to turn, OSlav. b[=e]g[u^] flight. Cf. {Bacon}.] 1. In human beings, the hinder part of the body, extending from the neck to the end of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Back — (b[a^]k), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Backed} (b[a^]kt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Backing}.] [1913 Webster] 1. To get upon the back of; to mount. [1913 Webster] I will back him [a horse] straight. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To place or seat upon the back. [R.]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • Back — Back, a. 1. Being at the back or in the rear; distant; remote; as, the back door; back settlements. [1913 Webster] 2. Being in arrear; overdue; as, back rent. [1913 Webster] 3. Moving or operating backward; as, back action. [1913 Webster] {Back… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Back — Back, adv. [Shortened from aback.] 1. In, to, or toward, the rear; as, to stand back; to step back. [1913 Webster] 2. To the place from which one came; to the place or person from which something is taken or derived; as, to go back for something… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • back — [bæk] verb [transitive] 1. to support someone or something, especially by giving money or using your influence: • The board backed Mr Standley, who plans to cut costs. • Shareholders have backed a plan to build a second plant. 2. FINANCE if …   Financial and business terms

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  • Back-up — auch: Back|up 〈[bæ̣kʌp] n. 15 oder m. 6; EDV〉 Sicherungskopie von Computerdateien auf einem zweiten Speichermedium (neben der Festplatte) od. in komprimierter Form [<engl. backup „Rückendeckung, Unterstützung; Sicherheitskopie“] * * * Back up …   Universal-Lexikon

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